Back to Input Deck Cards

KLINKENBERG_EFFECT

Introduces a permeability correction factor into the gas transport equation to account for the Klinkenberg effect. In flow tests, at low pressures and especially at low permeabilities, the observed permeability to gas is larger than the permeability to liquid (which is the input “intrinsic” permeability). This phenomena is due to slippage (i.e. non-zero fluid velocity) along the surface of the pore walls inside the porous medium, which can occur for the gas phase but not the liquid phase(s).

The correction factor is modeled as (1 + b * ka / Pg)

Required Cards:

KLINKENBERG_EFFECT
Opens the KLINKENBERG_EFFECT block. Must have a closing END statement.
A <double>
Exponent for the (instrinsic, i.e. liquid-phase) permeability.
B <double>
Constant that controls the pressure asymptote.

Example:

KLINKENBERG_EFFECT
  A -0.33d0  ! exponent
  B  0.98d0  ! constant
END